WHAT IS THE NEW TESTAMENT?
Revised by Dr. Lee Warren, B.A., D.D.
(c) January/February 1997 "PLIM REPORT"
PLIM 1997 Revision of Do You Know What The New Testament Is?
Published by The Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research, Inc.
Originally written by Henry C. Kinley, D.D., (1895-1976) Founder of the Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research, Inc.
Feel free to copy and circulate this article for non-commercial purposes provided the Web site and author are mentioned.
See Related Articles: THE PASSOVER SUPPER OR THE SO-CALLED HOLY EUCHARIST
Is Water Baptism Valid in this Age of Grace?, Magic of Faith, Carnal Ordinaces
The question posed in the caption would seem to be a very ridiculous one, for almost everyone would say, Surely, I know what the New Testament is. It is the part of the Bible that begins with the four Gospels written by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John and ends with the Book of Revelation.
Let me emphatically insist and dogmatically acclaim right now that the four Gospels, etc., are NOT the New Testament. This is one of the many serious errors or mistakes that Christianity makes. Not identifying the New Covenant is a pitfall, snare, and trap that Satan has used to keep us in everlasting ignorance and darknessseparated and estranged from Yahweh.
Now the New Covenant is a spiritual and psychological covenant where mankind glorifies the creator within their minds in spirit and truth (John 4:24). This means that there are no physical ceremonies, rituals, feast days, etc., to perform in order to worship Elohim. Under the New Covenant the faithful must possess Biblical, scientific, philosophical, and psychological knowledge of Yahweh and actual spiritual experiences to receive eternal life or spiritual enlightenment. Prayer and meditation give man direct access to the Spirit.
The New Covenant also FULFILLS the Promise that Yahweh made to Abraham, that in his seed (Yahshua the Messiah, Gal. 3:16); He would bless all the families of the earth (Jews and Gentile). The Holy Spirit was also poured out on the Gentiles at Cornelius house in A. D. 40-41 (Acts 10:44-45). Let us begin this investigation of the New Testament by studying its development.
How did the New Testament develop?
Historically, the four gospels and the epistles of the Apostles were not grouped into one document nor were they labeled the New Testament until after the Messiahs and Apostles death. During the time of the Apostles, these manuscripts were circulated individually to the various assemblies, but were not compiled as they are today. It also should be noted that when the Apostle John sent the Book of Revelation to the seven assemblies in A.D. 96, all the Apostles were dead.
James Hastings in the Dictionary of the Bible states that the earliest compilation of the New Testament was over a century after the Messiahs death. The first explicit reference to a collection of New Testament books involved the Heretic Marion. He issued a canon of scriptures consisting of a mutilated gospel of St. Luke and the epistles of Paul in about 140 A.D. (p. 123).
More correctly the New Testament has three parts:
the four gospels that refer to the Messiah fulfilling the prophecies of the Old Testament,
the writings of the Apostles to the various assemblies,
and the Book of Revelation by the Apostle John.
How is the word Covenant defined?
Before one can consider the question posed, one MUST KNOW what a Testament or Covenant is.
Webster's New World Dictionary defines a Covenant or Testament as follows. A binding and solemn agreement to do or keep from doing a specified thing; compact, a will, or an agreement made by or between two or more parties; orig., a covenant, esp. one between God and man; a statement, act, etc. testifying to the fact, validity, or worth of something; testimonial (©1995 Zane Publishing, Inc. ©1994, 1991, 1988 Simon & Schuster, Inc.)
Now that the definitions are clear, we must know something about the OLD TESTAMENT before we can know anything about the New Testament.
Did a covenant exist between Yahweh and Israel?
First, Yahweh made a Covenant (the old, and the first with Israel) when He spoke to them from Mount Sinai. Yahweh told Moses to come into the Mount alone to receive the tables of stone and the Ten Commandments that he had written; that he might teach the people (Ex. 24:1-12).
Moses told all the words and judgments to the people and wrote them in a book (Ex. 20th chp.). After which the people said, ALL that Yahweh hath said will we do. Moses took the blood of calves and of goats with water and scarlet wool and hyssop and sprinkled both the BOOK and ALL THE PEOPLE saying THIS IS THE BLOOD OF THE COVENANT WHICH YAHWEH HATH ENJOINED UNTO You (Ex. 24:3-8; Heb. 9:15-23)."
It is vitally important and absolutely necessary for one to see and understand that the Old Covenant which Yahweh made with Israel had to be dedicated with the blood of sacrificial animals BEFORE it could become effectual (Ex. 24:2-8; Heb. 9:18-22).
The blood of the animals prefigured the New Testament or Covenant that also had to be dedicated with blood, but with the blood of a better sacrifice than the Old. Yahshua the Messiah was the sacrifice (Jn. 1:29), who through the Eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot or blemish to the Most High; to purge Israels conscience from death causing works (of the Law) to serve the Living Elohim (Heb. 9:14-28).
Did Moses breaking the first tables of stone signify the end of the Old Covenant?
After forty days in the mount, Yahweh told Moses to get down from the Mount for the people had corrupted themselves by making a golden calf to adore. Moses being angry with Israel for worshipping a graven idol broke the tables of stones. Moses physically broke the tables of stone to symbolize Israels disobedience (Ex. 32:1-19). His actions prefigured that a New Covenant would be established and the first or Old Covenant would end (Jer. 31:31-34; Heb. 8:6-13; 10:8-10).
One must see that when Israel broke this Old Covenant, it necessitated Yahweh making a New Covenant with them. It would have been utterly stupid to make a New Covenant with them, just like the Old one (consisting of feast days, sacrifices, rituals, and ceremonies). The New Covenant had to be different.
Did Jeremiah prophesy of the New Covenant?
The Prophet Jeremiah was shown in a vision that Yahweh would make a New Covenant with the House of Judah and the House of Israel, which had been divided since Solomons death (1 Kings 12:16-19).
The split occurred when Israel asked King Rehoboam, Solomons son to lighten the heavy burden his father had placed on them to build Solomons temple. The king refused and told Israel that he would work them much harder than Solomon. The people protested and ten tribes chose Jeroboam king; they formed the Northern Kingdom, called Israel. Judah and Benjamin formed the Southern Kingdom called Judah who continued to follow Rehoboam (See Halleys Bible Handbook, 24th Edition, 1965, p. 193).
At the time of Jeremiahs prophecy Assyria had taken the house of Israel into captivity and Jeremiah prophesied that the house of Judah would spend 70 years in captivity to Babylon (Jer. 25:12-13). This New Testament would make Israel one people again in their own land by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
Jeremiah prophesied of the New Covenant in 31:31-34 that the Apostle Paul restates in Hebrews 10:16-17. It reads thusly: Behold, the days come, saith Yahweh-Elohim, that I will make a New Covenant with the House of Israel and the House of Judah: NOT according to the Covenant that I made with their fathers (the Old Covenant) in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which My Covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith Yahweh-, But this shall be the Covenant that I will make with the House of Israel: AFTER THOSE DAYS (after the Birth, Life, Death, Burial, Resurrection and Ascension of Yahshua the Messiah), saith Yahweh, I will put My Law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their Yahweh Elohim and they shall be my people.
Isaiah also prophesied of a Redeemer and a New Covenant. He states: And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith Yahweh (the LORD). As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith Yahweh (the LORD); My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seeds seed, saith Yahweh (the LORD), from henceforth and for ever (Isa. 59:20-2)."
Now no one knew what this New Covenant was until the Messiah mentioned it when He blessed the cup of bitter herbs that He and His disciples ate at the Passover. This meal was not the Lords Supper as many believe (Matt. 26:26). It was only after the outpouring of the Holy Spirit that Israel began to understand the New Testament. We will discuss this in more detail later in the article.
What points did Jeremiah prophecy about the New Covenant?
These are the following points in the prophecy of Jeremiah 31:31-34, when Yahweh Elohim gave Him this vision.
1. Yahweh is making the New Covenant with the House of Judah and Israel AFTER the birth, life, death, burial, resurrection and ascension of Yahshua the Messiah, because the Old Covenant had to be fulfilled by Yahshua and the New Covenant dedicated with the Blood of Yahshua the Messiah (Heb. 9:16-17).
2. Yahweh-Elohim, Himself (not Matthew or Mark, Luke or John) is going to write the New Testament in the inward parts; in fleshly tables of the heart, NOT IN TABLES OF STONE (2 Cor, 3:1- 3).
3. Yahweh is NOT going to make the New Testament with the House of Judah and Israel as He did the Old. There is to be a distinction because they (from the High Priest on down) broke the Old Covenant.
Did the second tables of stone prophecy of the second covenant?
The Prophet Jeremiah said Yahweh would make a new and different covenant with the House of Israel and with the House of Judah. This can be seen when Yahweh gave Israel a second tables of stone (Exo. 24:1-4).
Yahweh told Moses to hew himself another set of stones like unto the first, which he took into the Mount whereupon Yahweh-Elohim wrote the Ten Commandment Law with His finger.
Moses brought down the second set of stones and placed them inside the Ark of the Covenant (Ex. 40:20), signifying the Second or New Testament or Covenant that Yahweh-Elohim promised He would write in their Heart and Mind (Jer. 31:31-34).
Did the New Covenant occur after the Messiahs death?
Anyone who is heir to a fortune by virtue of a will (a Testament) cannot receive his fortune until the person making the will, dies. Paul states in Hebrews 9:16-17: For where a Testament (Covenant) is there must of necessity be the death of the Testator (Yahshua). For a Testament is of force AFTER men are dead, otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
Therefore, the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are biographies of Yahshua the Messiah, walking around FULFILLING the Old Covenant or the Law and the Prophets (Isa. 8:10). Yahshua Himself was born, lived, died, resurrected, and ascended into heaven under the Old Covenant or Law.
Paul writes that the Messiah was born under the law. But when the fullness of the time was come, Yahweh sent forth His son made of a woman, made UNDER THE LAW, to redeem them that were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption of sons (Ga. 4:4-5, see chart on p. 10).
Consequently, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, etc., cannot be the New Testament. Because these books are not talking about the Holy Spirit being poured out into the hearts and minds on the Day of Pentecost, as prophesied by Jeremiah and Joel (Jer, 31:31-34; Joel 2: 21-29), and confirmed by Peter (Acts 1:16-18). Therefore, it does not take a college graduate to see and understand that if the Old Covenant or Law was in effect all during the days of Yahshua, then the New Covenant could not have been in effect then.
Did the Messiah fulfill the Old Testament?
The mission of Yahshua was to fulfill the Law and Prophets or Old Testament. He told Israel: Think not that I am come to destroy the Law and the Prophets (the Old Covenant): I am not come to DESTROY, but to FULFILL (NOT TO INSTITUTE). For verily I say unto you, Till earth and heaven pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the Law, till all be FULFILLED (Matt. 5:17-18; see Lk. 24:37-44-46)."
This simply means that Yahshua the Messiah had to FULFILL the Old Covenant before the New Covenant could come of effect. For example, when the Messiah was born in the city of Bethlehem, this fulfilled the prophecy of Malachi (Mal. 5:2). Being born of a virgin fulfilled Isaiahs prophesy (Isa. 7:14; 9:6). Judas' betrayal of the Messiah for 30 pieces of silver fulfilled the prophecy of Zechariah (Zec. 11:12-13). These are just a few of the 40% of Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah.
In other words, Yahshua (who is Elohim incarnated in a physical body of the Messiah - I Tim. 3:16; Jn. 1:14) had to fulfill every jot and tittle of the Old Covenant, remove it (Heb. 10:9), die on the cross (Col. 2:14), sacrifice His blood, resurrect from the dead, and ascend to the Father, BEFORE the New Covenant could become effective.
Did the Messiah fulfill physical water baptism?
The Messiah did many things in fulfillment of the Old Testament. For example, when the Messiah was baptized by John the Baptist in the River Jordan (Matt. 3:11-15) with other Jews (not Gentiles), before the New Covenant or Holy Spirit was received from Heaven on the Day of Pentecost, this was a fulfillment. He was fulfilling the children of Israel (no Gentiles) being baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the Red Sea (I Cor. 10:1-2), BEFORE the Old Covenant was given to them from Mount Sinai.
Now at the ascension the Messiah told His disciples: For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence (Acts 1:5; see Eph. 4:4). Clearly, the Messiah is confirming that there is ONE baptism under the New Testament and it is spiritual. [For more details on water baptism see Elohim The Archetypal (Original) Pattern of the Universe by Dr. Henry C. Kinley (© 1961 Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research Inc.) Vol. II; p. 1-28.]
Did the Messiah eat the Lords or the Passover supper?
Yahshua ate the Passover supper with His disciples in a place that they had prepared (Matt. 26:19-20). He was fulfilling the children of Israel eating the Passover supper down in Egypt in their houses (not in the temple or in the congregation - 1 Cor. 11:20-21).
He had eaten this supper every year of His ministry with His Disciples, for it was a yearly obligation. Yahshua celebrated and kept all of the Feasts or Holy Days according to the Law. These were all types and shadows of the real or Spiritual. The Passover was the LAST physical or natural SUPPER to be eaten before His death.
In this Present Age or Dispensation, we are no longer required to eat the Passover in a natural way. If one does try to eat it a physically, he does not discern Yahshuas body that is NOW SPIRITUAL (I Cor. 11:29-31). The Messiah's words or the Spirit must be eaten, for they are life (John 6:63). [For more details see the book Elohim The Archetypal (Original) Pattern of the Universe by Dr. Henry C. Kinley (©1961 Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research Inc.) Vol. II; p. 28-34]
Did the Messiah mention the New Testament?
The Passover meal that Yahshua the Messiah ate with His disciples also FULFILLED the dedication of the First Covenant that Yahweh gave to Moses and the Israelites at Mount Sinai (Ex. 24:3-8 Heb. 9:15-23). The First Covenant was dedicated with the blood of calves and goats.
Likewise, the Messiah took the cup (Matt. 26:26-29), gave thanks, and passed it to them. Saying, Drink ye all of it. For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many, for the remission of sins, [but with the blood of a better sacrifice, the blood of the Messiah]. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine [physically] until that Day [the Day of the Kingdom that was established on the Day of Pentecost] when I drink it new with you [in the Spirit] in my Fathers Kingdom.
The disciples understood that the Messiah was speaking symbolically (the Bread as His body and the Cup as His blood). He was not referring to His actual body or blood as some followers of the Messiah thought then and as some who practice the doctrine of transubstantiation think today. In the 6th chapter of John, the Messiah said: It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life (John 6:63).
Who ended the first covenant?
The Apostle Paul explains that it was the Messiah who did away with the first covenant. Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first (COVENANT which stood ONLY in meats and drinks and divers washings and Carnal Ordinances), that he may establish the second (Heb. 8:13, 10: 8 9). This means that everything He did can be explained on the basis of something under the Law and contained in the books of the Prophets.
When the Jews would ask Yahshua the Messiah, why do you do this or why do you do that, He answered them with this verse. Search the Scriptures (the Law and the Prophets, which were written before He was born, not the Books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John); for in them (the Scriptures) ye think ye have Eternal life and they are they that testify of me (John 5:39). The first Covenant or Law stood ONLY in meats and drinks and divers washings and carnal ordinances, imposed on them (the Israelites) until the time of REFORMATION (Heb. 9:10).
Yahshua came to fulfill these natural, carnal, physical ordinances and move them out of the way NAILING THEM TO HIS CROSS (Col. 2:14, also see Charts below). The True worshippers can now honor Yahweh in Spirit and in Truth (Jn. 4:24; Acts 17:24-25).
Is there a penalty for continuing to perform works under the Old Covenant?
Those that continue to practice these Ordinances physically further deny that Elohim, who gave the Law from Mount Sinai, had the power to FULFILL them and move them out of the way, bringing in the New Covenant which is now SPIRITUAL.
Under the Law of Moses, those that disobeyed it died or were expelled from the body of Israel. Likewise, under the new spiritual Covenant, those that despise it suffer spiritually and psychologically. Paul said the following: He that despised Moses law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace (Heb. 10:28-29)?
Man cannot expand his consciousness on a spiritual level if he does not understand grace and exercise the principle of faith. He will remain in a death state of spiritual darkness. This was the state of the religious teachers of Israel who did not accept the Messiahs messages. As a result, none of these teachers received the Holy Spirit or spiritual enlightenment on the Day of Pentecost.
In fact, anyone that is not worshipping Yahweh Elohim in Spirit and truth (Jn. 4:24-25) cannot grow in the Spirit. The Apostle John said in Revelation that only souls that had the light of the Messiah within them would be allowed within the walls of Heavenly Jerusalem, symbolizing a resurrected state of consciousness (Rev. 21:22-27).
What were the Apostles views of the Old Covenant?
The Apostle Paul admonished the Galatians not to keep the Mosaic Law. They were ignorant of the fact that the Death, Burial and Resurrection of Yahshua the Messiah had abolished the Old Covenant and the New Covenant had been dedicated and established by His blood (Col. 2:14). They wished to continue performing the Mosaic Law or Old Covenant of works, such as Meats, Drinks, Washings, Holy Days, Sabbath Days, etc. (Gal. 4:1-4).
John on the Isle of Patmos saw in a vision a book (the Old Covenant or Law and Prophets) sealed with seven seals. NOBODY was found in heaven or on earth worthy to open the book (FULFILL IT) and loose the seals. John said that he wept much until the Lamb of Yahweh, the Lion of the tribe of Judah stepped forward and prevailed to open the book and loose the seals (Rev. 5:1-10).
It was the Messiah that loosened the seals on the book of the Old Testament by fulfilling the prophecies therein. The Old Covenant had to stand therefore until Yahshua the Messiah fulfilled every jot and tittle of it. Then the Old Covenant could pass away or end, and the New Covenant could begin.
The disciples understanding of this sealed book was not revealed until after the Messiahs resurrection. Now Luke wrote the following concerning this. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures (Luke 24:44-45).
What was Yahwehs view of the first covenant?
Yahweh-Elohim Himself, who gave the Old Law or Covenant, was never pleased with Ordinances (Isa. 1:10-14). He suffered the Mosaic Law for the TIME THEN PRESENT to be a schoolmaster to lead us unto the New Covenant (Gal. 3:24-25).
King David wrote in the 40th division of Psalms and the Apostles Paul quotes him in the 10th chapter Hebrews. Wherefore when He cometh into the world, He saith, sacrifice and burnt offerings thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou has had no pleasure. Then said, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is already written of Me) to do thy will O Yahweh (Heb. 10:5-7).
Please note carefully that the scriptures state He came IN THE VOLUME OF THE BOOK (that is the Law and the Prophets or Old Testament) that was written before Yahshuas birth which He came to fulfill. The scriptures are written of Him.
What is the symbolism of Abrahams two sons Ishmael and Isaac?
Paul stated in Gal. 4:21-31 (see also Gen. 12th to 21st chapters; Ex. 24:3-8; Ex. 34th chapter), that Abrahams two sons were allegories of the two Covenants. Tell me, ye that desire to be under the Law [Old Covenant], do ye not hear the Law. For it is written, that Abraham had two sons The one son Ishmael was by a bondsman, Hagar. Ishmael was born after the flesh (Gen. 16:1-4), which was an allegory of the first or Old Covenant. It was written on tables of stone and given to Moses and the Israelites from Mount Sinai in Arabia. The first covenant answereth to the earthly Jerusalem that now is, and is in bondage (to the natural Carnal Ordinances that were given to physical Israel under the Law) with her children.
Yahweh gave the Law of Carnal Ordinances and Commandments to Israel 430 years AFTER the Promise. The Law could not annul or make void the Promise, for it was given to be a schoolmaster to lead us unto Yahshua the Messiah.
The other son Isaac, was by Abrahams wife Sarah who was barren. When Isaac was born, Abraham was one hundred (100) years old, well past the age of bringing forth physical children (Gen. 21:1-5, 17:17). Contrary to a natural birth in the flesh and according to Yahwehs Promise and Purpose to establish an allegory, Sarah bore Isaac. He was synonymous to the second tables of stone, a figure of the New Covenant, that Moses himself hewed out and took into Mount Sinai the second time.
What does the second tables of stone symbolize?
After Moses' second forty (40) day trip in the Mount, he returned to the camp with the Law written on tables of stone, by the finger of Elohim. His face shone so much that Moses had to put a vail upon his face to talk with the children of Israel (Exo. 34:33-35; 2 Cor. 3:13-16).
The second tables of the Law and Moses shining face symbolized the illumination of the Holy Spirit within a mans soul. They both are allegorical to the New Covenant written in the Heart and Mind on the Day of Pentecost (see charts above). The New Covenant also fulfilled Yahwehs Promise to Abraham that in his seed all the families of the earth will be blessed because ALL men had been concluded under sin due to Adams transgression (Rom. 5:14).
Are each of us letters in a book?
The Apostle Paul saw that this New Covenant was written in the hearts and in the minds. He wrote to the Corinthians. Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all men: Forasmuch as YE are manifestly declared to be the Epistle of Yahshua the Messiah ministered be, us, written NOT with INK, but with the SPIRIT of the Living Elohim: not in tables of stone, but in the fleshly tables of the heart (2 Cor. 3:2-3).
Now YOU are the Epistle, and it takes many Epistles to make up a book (as we being many members make up the Body of Yahshua the Messiah, I Cor. 10:17; 1 Cor. 12:14). John confirms this by his vision on the Isle of Patmos. I saw the dead, small and great stand before Yahweh, and the books (or epistle which is each of us) were opened; and another book (the body of Yahshua or the totality of the redeemed ones) was opened which is the Book of Life, and the dead were judged out of those things which were written (by the Spirit to he Living Yahweh) in the books, according to their WORKS (Rev. 20:12).
What is the New Testament?
Many people will ask just what is the New Testament and what does it do? First of all the New Testament is a spiritual, not a physical, covenant. It is performed within the mind, not by hands nor with outward shows of worship.
What was hidden from mankind under the Old Covenant is that the true temple or tabernacle to worship Elohim is his mans physical body. Paul wrote: Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are (1 Cor. 3:16-17).
Within the New Covenant, one can worship Elohim in Spirit and Truth (Jn. 4:24), according to faith and not works (Eph. 2:8-9). The New Testament established the spiritual kingdom of the Messiah (Rom. 14:17) on the Day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit was poured out on the Apostles. This simply means that under the New Covenant the Spirit guides one as it did Abraham, before Yahweh gave Israel the Law.
Under this New Covenant, Elohim fulfilled the prophesies that He made to the prophets of Israel. He promised to give visions and dreams to everyone young and old, male and female (Jl. 2:28; Num. 12:6). It is these visions, dreams, and revelations that reveal Elohim within mans consciousness; without them there is no hope of understanding the Creator within.
Visions, dreams, and revelations strengthen one spiritually and psychologically. The Apostle John, who wrote Revelations (which is the Spiritual Revelation of the Messiah), said: Behold, I stand at the door and Knock: (the door of our Heart and Mind, the New Covenant) if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I WILL COME IN TO HIM AND WILL SUP WITH HIM AND HE WITH ME (Rev. 3:20).
Is faith essential for the New Covenant?
The basic principle of the New Testament is faith in the Holy Spirit. The Master demonstrated the power of faith repeatedly to Israel by the miracles HE performed. Once when He sent His disciples out with power, yet they could not heal someone, He told them that they had no faith. Because of your unbelief [you cannot perform this miracle]: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you (Matt. 17:20).
As we journey through life, meeting all types of challenges and adversities, it is faith in the Holy Spirit, (not performing some physical rituals) that will enable us to overcome our trials. The Messiah told the father of the boy he was about to heal: If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth (Mark 9:23).
Finally, the Messiah constantly told the Jews about the changes in the Old Covenant. He said that the new one required faith and not works of the law. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law (Rom 3:19-31). Summarizing these verses, Abraham obtained his righteousness by having faith in Elohim (Gen. 15:1-6).
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